ii. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. Ans: In 1857 a sepoy mutiny broke out in East India that became a mass uprising in many parts of the country. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic,socio-religious and military causes. Answer: Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): This was a vital factor as it affected a large section of Indian society. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. The following were the causes of revolt of 1857. What were the economic causes for the revolt of 1857? The revolt of 1857 1. The Revolt of 1857 was a result of a number of political, social, economic and I military causes, mentioned as under: a) The political causes: The British rulers (Lord Weleseley and Dalhousie) annexed many territories on some pretext or the other. The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. Dec 10,2020 - economics causes of 1857 Related: Sepoy Mutiny - Revolt of 1857 in India - When People Rebel, CBSE Class 8 SST History | EduRev Class 8 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 173 Class 8 Students. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. • Dr S.N. • This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. Published: October 17, 2011 The successive Governor generals appointed by the crown and based at Calcutta expanded the domains of British India over the period of time up the time of Lord Dalhousie, whose conquests against Punjab and Burma pushed the frontiers of the British India against Afghanistan and Burma. This hurt all sections of society. The direct cause was a change in the use of the weapons Britain provided to Indian sepoys, basically soldiers fighting for the British. Economic causes were among the major causes of this rebellion. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. Revolt of 1857 Loss of Power for Nawabs: Since the mid-eighteenth century, the power of nawabs and rajas had been eroding. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. The British looked down upon the Indians as inferior race and discriminated against them racially. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. IMPORTANT BOOKS ON REVOLT OF 1857: The Revolt of 1857 is an important landmark in the history of India which occurred during the governor generalship of LORD CANNING. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Money-lenders and traders emerged as the new landlords. (i) Political cause (ii) Economic cause (iii) Socio-religious and (iv) The Military cause. CAUSES OF REVOLT. Their Crime -These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. Peasants’ Revolt, also called Wat Tyler’s Rebellion, (1381), first great popular rebellion in English history.Its immediate cause was the imposition of the unpopular poll tax of 1381, which brought to a head the economic discontent that had been growing since the middle of the century. The Revolt of 1857 The Revolt of 1857. It began with a mutiny of sepoys (who were the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army). The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. Find an answer to your question Do you think revolt of 1857 was the first expression of dissatisfaction among the Indians. Explanation: ….Stanley Wolpert . This hurt all sections of society. Their Crime -These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. The causes for the revolt of 1857 can categorized under:- Economic Causes Political Causes Social Religion Military Immediate causes. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. CAUSES OF REVOLT Economic Causes. Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857. According to the rumour the enfeild rifles used the fat of two animals,namely cow and pig. Causes of Revolt of 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. The Revolt of 1857 Archives TOPIC: General studies 1 Modern Indian History Causes behind the Revolt of 1857 Economic Destruction of traditional Indian Economy Ruin of agriculture by draconian land reforms Annexation of princely states = no patronage for artisans … Major Causes of Revolt of 1857 Economic Causes. High land revenue disabled peasantry class. Your IP: 167.114.54.14 Ever since the grant of Diwani was made to the British in 1765, land revenue became an issue of much burden. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. Sen describes it as "having begun as a fight for religion but ended as a war of independence." British Government had imposed ‘pocket area transformation’, that means, introduction of Permanent Settlement in Bengal, Mahalwari settlement in Central India, … The Revolt began with a mutiny of the sepoys, or the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army, but soon engulfed wide regions and people. • V.D. It was far more than a mutiny…. The Revolt Of 1857. The Revolt of 1857: The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. praneetiGangwal praneetiGangwal 5 minutes ago History Primary School What was the political cause of the revolt of 1857 2 See answers praneetiGangwal is waiting for your help. Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857. Unpopular revenue settlement The revolt of 1857 is an important event in the History of India. CAUSES OF REVOLT. Revolt of 1857: Causes, Leaders Nature of the revolt • Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. Thus the peasants were greatly encouraged to overthrow the British Government from India. yet much less than a first war of Independence. The immediate cause of 1857 was provided by the revolt of soldiers. Treatment meted out to Nana Saheb 4. the revolt of 1857 was started by Indian soldiers at Meerut on 10 may,1857.the causes of the revolt were a) All sections of India were unhappy with the British rule. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. What was the political cause of the revolt of 1857 Get the answers you need, now! The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. Subsidiary Alliance was a system devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. The ‘Drain of Wealth’ impoverished peasants and they thus participated actively in the revolt of 1857. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialled. Although it is exaggeration, it laid the seeds for Indian nationalism. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. What were the main causes of Revolt of 1857? The revolt of 1857 - MCQs with answers - Part I 1.Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. I want a good friend plzz i want to have more friends​. 1. The Company had faced rebellions in the past too, but not of this magnitude and extent. The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. Ever since the grant of Diwani was made to the British in 1765, land revenue became an issue of much burden. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Loading the Enfield often required tearing open the greased cartridge with one's teeth, and many sepoys believed that the cartridges were … The kingdom of Awadh became an easy prey to subsidiary alliance in 1801 which ultimately resulted in its complete annexation in 1856… Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. There were many political, military, religious, social and economic causes of the Indian rebellion of 1857. As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. सिकन्दर एवं पोरस के बीच प्रसिद्ध वितस्ता या झेलम का युद्धकब हुआ था? If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): This was a vital factor as it affected a large section of Indian society. Treatment meted out to the Mughal Emperor by the British 3. Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): This was a vital factor as it affected a large section of Indian society. But the high rates of land revenue, ruined the prospects of Indian peasantry. People felt that the British policies were exploiting India as a country economically. Title: THE REVOLT OF 1857 1 THE REVOLT OF 1857 2 THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3 (No Transcript) 4 Mangal Pandey 5 THE OUT BURST. The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes.. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] Please enable Cookies and reload the page. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. Ever since the grant of Diwani was made to the British in 1765, land revenue became an issue of much burden. This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] The revolt of 1857 - MCQs with answers - Part I 1.Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? This War is regarded as the most remarkable one which took place after the British came to India and began to establish their rule. Unpopular Administration 2. British Government had imposed ‘pocket area transformation’, that means, introduction of Permanent Settlement in Bengal, Mahalwari settlement in Central India, and Ryotwari settlement in southern India. I think you mean Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6066be249b3a300a You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. There are many cause for this Politically but Economically we can point out some cause like Doctrine of Laps many lost their kingdom, High Tax on petty kings imposed by East India Company not by their Emperor, Then a great disappointment of Indian Sepoy on East India Company administration who are not properly rewarded in salary and promotions … Colonial policies destroyed the traditional economy of Indian society. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. 6 ABOUT THE NEW CARTRIDGE The authority and the honour which they earlier commanded were gradually waning away. These three settlements were highly exploitative, and in particular, the Permanent settlement had created a devastating impact. Page-58-The Causes of the Indian Revolt-Syed Ahmad Khan Bahadur-First Published-1873-Reprinted by The Book House-8,Trust Building-Urdu Bazar-P.O Box No-734-Lahore-1950. Annexation of Indian states by the Company cut off their major source of patronage. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of rule. While the war of 1857 was a reaction of different sections of Indian society against policies of the British which included various aspects viz. The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of … (c) 326 ई.पू. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. The British had appointed Residents in many courts. The freedom of the Indian rulers was reduced and their armed forces were […] 6 ABOUT THE NEW CARTRIDGE The policy of the British Company to cripple the Indian trade and commerce by imposing heavy duties and import of the machine-made goods at a nominal duty was much against the wishes of the people. The switch only confirmed, in the minds of the sepoys, that the original cartridges had indeed been greased with cow and pig fat. A lot of books written in this period revolt of 1857. Add your answer and earn points. Question 3: The Revolt of 1857 can be attributed to many causes. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Causes of the Revolt: After this revolt the rule of the East India Company ended in India. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. In 1857, a Revolt broke out in Northern and Central India and nearly swept away British rule. Heavy Taxation on artisans and handicrafts. The major causes of 1857 Revolt can be studied under the following heads − Economic Cause. The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. The causes behind the revolt of 1857 were many, religion being one of them. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. But soon it became widespread and involved the masses. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. Ans: Following are the major reasons to explain why the rebellious soldiers turned […] Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. The main reason behind the Sepoy Rebellion of 1857 is actually multifaceted. MEDIUM. Why did the mutinous sepoys in many places turn to erstwhile rulers to provide leadership to the revolt? Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. I'd is DARK ANGLE . This site is using cookies under cookie policy. Title: THE REVOLT OF 1857 1 THE REVOLT OF 1857 2 THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3 (No Transcript) 4 Mangal Pandey 5 THE OUT BURST. It has been described as the “Mutiny of the Sepoys” a “religious war against the Christians”, a “war between the black and white races”, etc., but mostly these views have been rejected. Economic Causes The Economic condition of India was other causes of the Revolt of 1857. Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. The British began to implement a new kind of grease … Although some Historians claim 1857 revolt as just an Sepoy mutiny, V. D. Savarkar says it as First War of Independence. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, WHAT ARE THE ECONOMIC CAUSES OF THE REVOLT OF 1857, St Tampa thi tutak mein teen antar spasht karo​, what is the role of mass communications in India​, 30. The economic cause of the revolt are as follows: 1. • social, economic, administrative, military etc., the political grievances against the British Raj played the most important role in an outbreak of 1857 revolt. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. Political Causes of 1857 Revolt. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialled. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Answer: Military Causes: The Indian sepoys in the British army moved a strong sense of resentment at the low scale of salary and poor prospects of promotion. Historians have expressed divergent views about the nature of the revolt. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. One such rumour was the use of grease cartridges in enfeild rifles. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. The British rulers realised that unless the rebellions is suppressed, their empire was destined to fizzle out. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 . All those who entered into such an alliance with the British had to accept certain terms and conditions such as the rulers had to disband their military force, allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act in accordance with the advice of the British Resident who was now to be attached to the court. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED 1. Prior to the revolt of 1857, there were several rumours circulating in the society. Abolition of Sati Pratha in 1829 by William Bantick and introduction of Widow Remarriage act in 1856 created suspicion in the minds of conservative Hindus that the British were trying to anglicise them. 3. The Revolt of 1857 was much more than a mere product of sepoy It was, in reality, a product of the accumulated grievances of the people against the Company’s administration and … Here is the complete list of all books and authors .have a look. Answer. 2. 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